What is a Chart of Accounts?
A Chart of Accounts (COA) in the construction industry is essentially a financial organizational tool that provides a complete listing of every account in an accounting system. These accounts are typically used to categorize financial transactions that a business has to deal with to conduct its everyday operations. In construction, the COA may include accounts such as materials, labor costs, subcontractor fees, overhead expenses, equipment costs, and liabilities. Different project types will often require different charts of accounts. Furthermore, the COA assists in organizing the company's finances and ensuring accurate financial reporting, it's also important for identifying the total costs of a construction job, tracking profit margins, and analyzing expenses. It's a critical tool in managing a construction company's finances.