What is Days Working Capital?
Days Working Capital (DWC) in the construction industry is a financial metric used to measure the effectiveness of a company's short term liquidity and operational efficiency. It's calculated by dividing working capital by daily operating expenses. The result represents the number of days a company can continue its operations with the current level of working capital. A lower DWC indicates a company is managing its cash flow efficiently, and a higher DWC may suggest a company is not using its short-term assets efficiently. The construction industry often has a high DWC because of the long project durations and upfront material and labor costs that are required before payment is received. In other words, they have money tied up in work-in-progress. So, for a construction company, it's crucial to manage DWC effectively to maintain a healthy cash flow and remain competitive.