What are Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)?
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) are a set of standardized rules and procedures in accounting to provide consistency in financial reporting across different entities. In the construction industry, GAAP are of particular importance due to the unique nature of accounting involved. For instance, consideration of revenue recognition when recognizing costs for long-term projects is guided by GAAP. Under GAAP, the percentage of completion method is commonly used, allowing companies to report income as the work progresses, thus providing a more accurate view of the financial health of a construction company. Similarly, fixed asset accounting, inventory valuation, recognition of liabilities, and depreciation methods are all guided by GAAP in the construction industry. By adhering to GAAP, the construction industry ensures transparency, consistency, and comparability in its financial information, promoting investor confidence and informed decision-making.