What is a Mortgage?
A mortgage, within the framework of the construction industry, is essentially a loan secured by a real property through the use of a mortgage note to evidence the existence of the loan and the encumbrance of that realty. This serves a crucial financial function during the building process as it allows homeowners or builders to purchase land or property without needing the full amount upfront. In most cases, a banking institution or lender offers the borrower a certain sum to buy a property, the borrower then repays this sum, typically monthly, with added interest, over a defined period. The mortgage ties the obligation of repayment to the property itself. Hence, when a mortgage loan is used for construction of a new property, the funds are dispersed to the borrower as work on the construction project proceeds. In the event that the borrower defaults on their mortgage payments, the lender has the right to take possession of the property, in a process known as foreclosure.